UNAIDS Gap Report

How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind? This was the question we set out to answer in the UNAIDS Gap report. Similar to the Global report, the goal of the Gap report is to provide the best possible data, but, in addition, to give information and analysis on the people being left behind.

Important points from the report

Gains:

  • New infections are declining in most parts of the world
  • New HIV infections among children declined by 50% or more in eight African countries, including South Africa
  • Less than 10% of pregnant women living with HIV were not receiving antiretroviral medicines in 2013 in South Africa
  • Some 86% of people living with HIV who know their status in sub-Saharan Africa are receiving antiretroviral therapy, and nearly 76% of them have achieved viral suppression
  • In South Africa, the number of AIDS-related deaths fell by 51% between 2009 and 2013


Gaps:

  • 15 countries account for nearly 75% of all people living with HIV and 18% of those people live in South Africa
  • In sub-Saharan Africa only 45% of people living with HIV know their HIV status
  • 16% of all new HIV infections in 2013 occured in South Africa
  • 13% of global AIDS-related deaths occurred in South Africa
  • People living with HIV who are coinfected with either hepatitis B or C virus need to be given priority attention

Key populations

  • Young women and adolescent girls are disproportionately vulnerable and at high risk
  • Globally, gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are 19 times more likely to be living with HIV than the general population
  • The HIV prevalence among sex workers is 12 times greater than among the general population, even in countries with high prevalence among the general population
  • Other populations, such as prisoners, migrants and displaced persons are being neglected